Punjab is a state in North India and has a GDP of approx. $50 US billion. It is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan.
Punjab is one of the most fertile regions in India. Punjab has less than 1.5% of the land in the country and yet produces more than 15% of wheat and 11% of the rice in the country. Other crops grown include rice, sugar cane, maize, barley, cotton and fruits is known as the "India's bread-basket". In global terms Punjab produces 2% of the worlds what and 2% of the worlds cotton. Key industries in Punjab include tractors, auto parts, food products, agriculture based industries, bicycle and bicycle parts manufacturing, sports good manufacturing, textiles, machine tools, sewing machines and light engineering goods. Punjab is now a key hub for textile based businesses that include readymade cloths. Punjab has developed apparel parks and favorable textile policy incentives for creation of textile infrastructure and has the largest number of steel rolling mill plants in India
Punjab has the best infrastructure in India when it comes to road, rail and air transport. It has the highest per capita power generation in the country that is 2.5 times the national average. Punjab's capital is Chandigarh, the largest city is Ludhiana and it has 22 districts. Major cities in Punjab are Ludhiana, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Patiala, Bathinda, Sangrur, and SAS Nagar (Mohali). Punjab has five divisions namely: Jalandhar, Patiala, Rupnagar, Faridkot and Firozepur and 17 districts: Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Mansa, Amritsar, Bathinda, Faridkot, Fatehgarh Sahib, Firozepur, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Moga, Muktsar, Nawan Shehar, Patiala, Roop Nagar and Sangru. The name Punjab was derived from the five rivers that flow through the state: Indus, Sutlej, Beas, Ravi and Ghaggar.